28 August 2009

Poor La Rochelle, Visionary La Rochelle

La Rochelle Sunset - Bikes and Towers
With all the hype about urban bike sharing and the Vélib/Velov/Bycyklen/Bicing/Bixi/etc/etc let's send a warm thought to the forgotten city that started it all, shall we? La Rochelle, on the French Atlantic coast had a legendary mayor back in the 1970's. Michel Crepeau. He was quite the urban planning revolutionary and the rest of France thought he was quite mad. At that time progress was built in concrete and asphalt.

Inspired by Copenhagen, he created pedestrian streets in the city centre and, in 1974, he started a bike share programme. Both Amsterdam and Copenhagen flirted with bike share programmes back in the 60's, but they didn't last. La Rochelle was the first city to make it stick. Until Copenhagen, in 1995, started their City Bike (Bycyklen) system and the idea started to spread.

He bought a load of yellow bikes and slapped them into racks by the harbour. The original idea was merely "take one, use it, bring it back." These days you can borrow them free for two hours if you leave some ID.

The programme never had a fancy marketing name like ByCyklen, Velib, VeloV, SEVici or Bicing, which is probably why nobody knows about it. But La Rochelle was the first, so hats off to them.

La Rochelle: Bike Share Transport
The classic yellow bikes have now been replaced with a modern bike share system, like in so many other cities in France. Indeed, there are over 30 cities in that country alone with modern bike share systems. And the fancy name came with it: Yello. But hey.

If you're ever in the neighbourhood, be sure to pay a visit. In the summer season the whole centre of the city is closed off to cars and the street life is absolutely brilliant.

It's my favourite city in France and the nearby Ile de Ré is a bicycle paradise.


pH|Re said...

As you said a great mayor. His name was Michel Crepeau.

Mikael said...

thanks for the name! i had misplaced it.

Amsterdamize said...

I credit La Rochelle for making it actually successful, but the very first (and very similar) bicycle sharing program ever was initiated by Provo in Amsterdam, called The White Bicycles Plan (Het Witte Fietsenplan) in 1965.

This plan was cute in its executions, but remained small in nature and it was pushed forward by Luud Schimmelpennink, but in 1967 he failed to get city support (funding for expansion) for it after being elected to the City Council.

Anonymous said...

The college town of Moscow, Idaho had a similar thing going on in the 1970s, when I was in high school there. They were painted school-bus yellow, I remember – perhaps an homage to the La Rochelle program. In any case it's a great idea that I'd love to see around again!

Spylberg said...

Hello Mikael. I have to correct you. The first city in france to have a bike sharing program was Lyon, with the Velov. But for the rest, you're right and the Il de Ré is a beautiful paradise for cyclists !
Bye !

Mikael said...

Xavier: Velov started in 2005. La Rochelle's bike share programme dates from the 1970's.

La Rochelle is the first city in the world to implement a bike share programme that managed to stick.

They beat Lyon by almost 30 years.

christophe cerveaux said...

I was born in La Rochelle and I leave in La Rochelle.........a great great town